Laparoscopic surgery is done under general anesthetic, several smaller incisions are made to allow the surgeon to use a less invasive technique using various special instruments including a tiny telescopic camera to repair the hernia. A mesh may then be used to strengthen the abdominal wall. Laparoscopic (minimally invasive) hernia repair uses a laparoscope, a thin, telescope-like instrument that is inserted through a small incision at the umbilicus (belly button). This procedure is usually performed under general anesthesia, so before the surgery, one has to have an evaluation of the general state of health, including a history, physical exam, and an electrocardiogram (EKG). The laparoscope is connected to a tiny video camera, that projects an "inside view" of the body onto television screens in the operating room. The abdomen is inflated with a harmless gas (carbon dioxide), which creates space and allows the doctor to view the internal structures. The peritoneum (the inner lining of the abdomen) is cut to expose the weakness in the abdominal wall. Mesh is then placed on the inside to cover the defects in the abdominal wall and strengthen the tissue. After the procedure is completed, the small abdominal incisions are closed with a stitch or two or with surgical tape. Within a few months, the incisions are barely visible. Visit us at RS GROVER HOSPITAL to know more about Laparoscopic surgery.
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